Title: The Preservation of Memory: 25 years after the Dictatorships of the Southern Cone
Abstract: Military coups ruled the Southern Cone of South America from 1970 to 1990. During this time, the governments of Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay executed thousands of political activists. Free speech was censored, and dictators ruled using fear. This type of fear mongering altered the way people communicated publicly – art, literature, film, etc. This form of censorship made it difficult to construct a collective memory during the years of oppression. This research explores how memories were reconstructed after the dictatorships and how they are preserved today. Primarily, it examines museums and memorials in the cities of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Santiago, Chile.